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Test ID COGMF Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), Children's Oncology Group Enrollment Testing, FISH, Varies


Ordering Guidance


This test is only performed on specimens from pediatric patients being considered for enrollment in a Children's Oncology Group (COG) protocol. If this test is ordered and the laboratory is informed that the patient is not on a Children's Oncology Group (COG) protocol, this test will be canceled and automatically reordered by the laboratory as AMLPF / Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), FISH, Pediatric, Varies.

 

For children in whom disease relapse or a secondary myeloid neoplasm is a concern and enrollment in a new COG protocol is being considered; order COGBM / Chromosome Analysis, Hematologic Disorders, Children's Oncology Group Enrollment Testing, Bone Marrow.



Shipping Instructions


Advise Express Mail or equivalent if not on courier service.



Necessary Information


1. A reason for testing, a flow cytometry and/or a bone marrow pathology report, and a Children's Oncology Group (COG) registration number and protocol number should be submitted with each specimen. The laboratory will not reject testing if this information is not provided, but appropriate testing and interpretation may be compromised or delayed. If this information is not provided, an appropriate indication for testing may be entered by Mayo Clinic Laboratories.

2. If a patient has received an opposite sex bone marrow transplant prior to specimen collection for this protocol, note this information on the request.



Specimen Required


Submit only 1 of the following specimens:

 

Preferred:

Specimen Type: Bone marrow

Container/Tube:

Preferred: Yellow top (ACD)

Acceptable: Green top (heparin) or lavender top (EDTA)

Specimen Volume: 2 to 3 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. It is preferable to send the first aspirate from the bone marrow collection.

2. Invert several times to mix bone marrow.

 

Acceptable:

Specimen Type: Blood

Container/Tube:

Preferred: Yellow top (ACD)

Acceptable: Green top (heparin) or lavender top (EDTA)

Specimen Volume: 6 mL

Collection Instructions: Invert several times to mix blood.


Useful For

Evaluation of pediatric bone marrow and peripheral blood specimens by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probe analysis for classic rearrangements and chromosomal copy number changes associated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in patients being considered for enrolment in Children's Oncology Group (COG) clinical trials and research protocols

 

As an adjunct to conventional chromosome studies in performed in pediatric patients with AML being considered for enrollment in COG protocols

Testing Algorithm

This test is only performed on specimens from pediatric patients being considered for enrollment in a Children's Oncology Group (COG) protocol.

 

The fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) panel includes testing for the following abnormalities using the FISH probes listed:

inv(16), [M4, Eos], MYH11/CBFB

t(8;21), [M2], RUNX1T1/RUNX1

t(15;17), [M3], PML/RARA

11q23 rearrangement, [M0-M7], MLL (KMT2A)

t(6;9), [M2,M4], DEK/NUP214

inv(3) or t(3;3), [M1,2,4,6,7], RPN1/MECOM

t(8;16), [M4,M5], KAT6A/CREBBP

t(1;22), [M7], RBM15/MKL1

-5/5q-, D5S630/EGR1

-7/7q-, D7Z1/ D7S486

12p13 rearrangement, ETV6

inv(16), GLIS2/CBFA2T3

11p15.4 rearrangement, NUP98

 

When an MLL (KMT2A) rearrangement is identified, reflex testing will be performed to identify the translocation partner. Probes include identification of:

t(4;11)(q21;q23) AFF1/MLL

t(6;11)(q27;q23) MLLT4(AFDN)/MLL

t(9;11)(p22;q23) MLLT3/MLL

t(10;11)(p12;q23) MLLT10/MLL

t(11;16)(q23;p13.3) MLL/CREBBP

t(11;19)(q23;p13.1)

MLL/ELL

t(11;19)(q23;p13.3) MLL/MLLT1.

 

In the absence of RPN1/MECOM fusion, when an extra MECOM signal is identified, the MECOM/RUNX1 probe set will be considered to identify a potential t(3;21)(q26.2;q22) rearrangement.

 

In the absence of RPN1/MECOM fusion, when an extra RPN1 signal is identified, reflex testing using the PRDM16/RPN1 probe set will be considered to identify a potential t(1;3)(p36;q21).

 

In the absence of MYH11/CBFB fusion, when an extra CBFB signal is identified, reflex testing will be performed using the CBFB break-apart probe set to evaluate for the presence or absence of an CBFB rearrangement.

 

In the absence of PML/RARA fusion, when an extra or atypical RARA signal is identified, testing using a break-apart RARA probe set will be performed to identify a potential variant translocation involving RARA; example: t(17;var)( q21;?).

 

When an ETV6 rearrangement is identified, reflex testing using the MNX1/ETV6 probe set will be performed to identify a potential t(7;12)(q36;p13) rearrangement.

 

When a NUP98 rearrangement is identified, reflex testing using the HOXA9/NUP98 probe set will be performed to identify a potential t(7;11)(p15;p15.4) rearrangement.

 

The following algorithms are available, see Special Instructions:

-Acute Leukemias of Ambiguous Lineage Testing Algorithm

-Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Testing Algorithm

-Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia: Guideline to Diagnosis and Follow-up

Method Name

Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH)

Reporting Name

COG, AML, FISH

Specimen Type

Varies

Specimen Minimum Volume

Blood: 2 mL
Bone Marrow: 1 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Varies Ambient (preferred)
  Refrigerated 

Reference Values

An interpretive report will be provided.

Day(s) Performed

Monday through Friday

Report Available

7 to 10 days

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Laboratories in Rochester

Test Classification

This test was developed, and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information

88271 x 2, 88275, 88291-FISH Probe, Analysis, Interpretation; 1 probe set

88271 x 2, 88275-FISH Probe, Analysis; each additional probe set (if appropriate)

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
COGMF COG, AML, FISH In Process

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
602276 Result Summary 50397-9
602277 Interpretation 69965-2
602278 Result Table 93356-4
602279 Result 62356-1
GC013 Reason for Referral 42349-1
GC014 Specimen 31208-2
602281 Source 31208-2
602282 Method 85069-3
602283 Additional Information 48767-8
602284 Disclaimer 62364-5
602285 Released By 18771-6

NY State Approved

Yes