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Test ID HIVP HIV-1 DNA and RNA Qualitative Detection by PCR, Plasma

Useful For

Virologic detection of HIV-1 infection in infants younger than 2 years of age (an age group for which serologic tests are unreliable) born to HIV-1-infected mothers


Early detection of acute HIV-1 infection in children and adults who may be receiving combination antiretroviral prophylaxis or preemptive treatment


Determining eradication of HIV-1 in individuals receiving combination highly active antiretroviral therapies

Method Name

Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

Reporting Name

HIV-1 DNA / RNA Qualitative, P

Specimen Type

Plasma EDTA

Ordering Guidance

This assay should not be used as a screening test or primary diagnostic test for HIV-1 infection, except in infants younger than 2 years of age born to HIV-1-infected mothers. For other age groups, order HVCOP / HIV-1 and HIV-2 Antigen and Antibody Routine Screen, Plasma as the screening test.

Shipping Instructions

1. Ship plasma on ice packs if arrival at Mayo Clinic Laboratories is expected within 5 days of plasma separation.

2. If shipment will be delayed for more than 5 days, freeze plasma specimen -20 to -80° C  until shipment on dry ice.

Specimen Required

Supplies: Aliquot Tube, 5 mL (T465)

Collection Container/Tube: Lavender top (EDTA)

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial

Specimen Volume: 1 mL

Collection Instructions: Centrifuge blood collection tube and aliquot plasma into plastic vial per collection tube manufacturer's instructions (eg, centrifuge and aliquot within 2 hours of collection for BD Vacutainer tubes).

Additional Information: This test can be used for detection and diagnosis of HIV-1 infections, including in children younger than 2 years of age when serologic tests are not useful (due to presence of maternal HIV antibodies).

Specimen Minimum Volume

0.5 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Plasma EDTA Frozen (preferred) 35 days
  Refrigerated  5 days

Reference Values


Day(s) Performed


Report Available

3 to 10 days

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Laboratories in Rochester

Test Classification

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information


LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
HIVP HIV-1 DNA / RNA Qualitative, P 79379-4


Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
64693 HIV-1 DNA / RNA Qualitative, P 79379-4

NY State Approved